Human development and population growth has put forth diverse pressure on the quality and quantity of water resources and on how we access to them. Interface between water and human health is very closely related. At current, infectious water-related diseases are a major cause of death worldwide. Although a significant proportion of this immense burden of disease is caused by ‘classical’ water-related pathogens, such as typhoid and cholera. But in global news, newly-recognized pathogens and new strains of established pathogens are being discovered. This has presented important additional challenges to both the water and public health sectors. There is a large portfolio of case studies representing how dams and irrigation schemes are responsible for spreading malaria, filariasis and Japanese encephalitis. As per latest world news, climate change has been a root cause in expanding the range of mosquito species responsible for the transmission of the malarial parasite and dengue virus. First major outbreak of these diseases came out from the widespread use of water-based cooling towers for industrial air-conditioning.World Health Organization (WHO) and other associate have started several initiatives on world news to reduce the cause. Exploring important emerging issues in water and infectious diseases are creating ways to solve them also.

The initiative was started to accelerate the recognition of actual and apparent issues in bringing them to people’s knowledge in critical areas. Several global news programs were initiated through broadcasting media for reaching people in a timely fashion. Developments in relationships to water and human health have been characterized by the periodic recognition of previously unknown pathogens or of the water-related significance of recognized pathogens. The diversity of diseases is increasing and the frequency of many water-related microbial diseases is also increasing.Changing environments are linked to being a catalyst for several diseases. Intensified water resources development and urbanization have created surroundings where vector-borne diseases can grow new monopoly. In latest world news, international travelling has also contributed in spreading of microbial organisms from one place to another. Agricultural and wastewater management practices may be expected and afterward controlled by implementing appropriate resource protection and management strategies. But, for the rest of socio-economic factors, the outcomes remains unpredictable and appropriate control measures are difficult to implement. In recent years a number of tests have been employed to detect contamination of drinking-water. Some of these do not even need microbiology laboratory or bacteriological field-test kit. Moreover, other recently developed technologies are also being assessed for their application in water microbiology.

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